Space law and related regulations exist since the entrance in force of the Outer Space Treaty of 1967. However, new concerns about commercial use of space, such as private spaceflights beyond the Kármán line, have arised. This may prove a challenge, and a necessity to reconsider the field and help it evolve accordingly.
Those new space projects also includes the 2013 Mars One project, settling humans on Mars ; many concerns have been expressed about the suicidal aspects of a manned mission on the Red planet. However, the experimental project of this non-profit organisation does not violate existing regulations. According to the current space law, all nations are free to conduct scientific investigation in space, should they be represented by private entities.
More recently, the 2016 Asgardia Project set its goal on creating the first space nation, applying for United States recognition and calling for citizens to join its rank. In order to "democratize space", "The project is creating a new framework for ownership and nationhood in space, which will adapt current outer space laws governing responsibility, private ownership and enterprise so they are fit for purpose in the new era of space exploration. By creating a new Space Nation, private enterprise, innovation and the further development of space technology to support humanity will flourish free from the tight restrictions of state control that currently exist. (Business Insider).
As legal professionals and students, we decided to study the evolution of Space Law and the needed requirements of Space democratization. Moreover, we are very keen on providing legal insight and expertise on International and Air Law, Bioethics, Fringe fields of the Law relevant to scientific progress, and more.